Somehow I think it's relevant.
To: Blizzard Entertainment
Re: Level Designer
I am writing to re-apply for a position with your company. I interviewed yesterday for a position as a level designer, and I know that things did not go well. I wasn't honest with your interviewer.
She asked me, "what's your worst quality?" and I had read online that I should say my worst quality was something positive. Perfectionism. Obsession with detail. Well, I'm not a perfectionist. She knew, and I knew.
If I had yesterday's interview to do over, I would have been honest. I would have said the first, truest thing that came to mind when my interviewer asked, "What would you say is your worst quality?"
I am super into rape games.
My girlfriend and I take turns being the rapist. We have a safe word, and we both really enjoy ourselves, but deep down I feel like this is wrong.
I don't know why this is relevant to the position of level designer for video games, but I long ago stopped trying to understand these psychological interviews. I have done interview after interview with these fake phony stupid answers that I read about online. Maybe being honest will help.
It got me to realize that it is exactly what I was trying to explain in "The Forbidden Book Of Getting What You Want".
Metacognition is thinking about thinking. It is knowledge or awareness of one's cognitive processes and the efficient use of this self-awareness to self-regulate these cognitive processes. It is traditionally defined as the knowledge and experiences we have about our own cognitive processes. Writings on metacognition can be traced back at least as far as De Anima and the Parva Naturalia of the Greek philosopher Aristotle.
METACOGNITION consists of three basic elements:
- Developing a plan of action
- Maintaining/monitoring the plan
- Evaluating the plan
Before - When you are developing the plan of action, ask yourself:
- What in my prior knowledge will help me with this particular task?
- In what direction do I want my thinking to take me?
- What should I do first?
- Why am I reading this selection?
- How much time do I have to complete the task?
During - When you are maintaining/monitoring the plan of action, ask yourself:
- How am I doing?
- Am I on the right track?
- How should I proceed?
- What information is important to remember?
- Should I move in a different direction?
- Should I adjust the pace depending on the difficulty?
- What do I need to do if I do not understand?
After - When you are evaluating the plan of action ask yourself:
- How well did I do?
- Did my particular course of thinking produce more or less than I had expected?
- What could I have done differently?
- How might I apply this line of thinking to other problems?
- Do I need to go back through the task to fill in any "blanks" in my understanding?
My answer is that we are lazy and have no real deep desire to work for what we want. Our goals are vague and transient, our good habits are haphazard and we confuse momentary gratification than happiness.
I'll just say it. Read My book!
"...despite the awareness that there were difference in perceptions, most people failed to acknowledge difference in underlying meaning. The participants simply did not consider that their meaning would be different from others. While participants acknowledge that others may perceive behaviors differently, they seemed to assume that they all used the same definition to determine when someone had crossed the same line."
Translation: People fail to get out of their own heads and consider any other possible perception.
I bet that never happened to you.
Here is the entire article"
= = = =
Although the Society for Human Resource Management reports that 97 percent of U.S. companies have a written sexual harassment policy, a recent University of Missouri study indicates that those policies might not be effective in preventing workplace harassment. Researchers in the MU College of Arts and Science examined the way individuals define and explain their understanding of flirting and sexual harassment in an organizational setting. The researchers found that individuals' perceptions and their understanding are not always a perfect match.
"When we examined individuals' meaning of the terms 'sexual harassment' and 'flirting,' we discovered that many participates used similar language, but when asked to give examples, definitions, and comparisons of the terms, individuals indicated that the same language could have a wide range of meaning," said Debbie Dougherty, associate professor and director of graduate studies in the MU Department of Communication.
Conducting interviews with individuals from an array of work experiences, Dougherty found that despite the awareness that there were difference in perceptions, most people failed to acknowledge difference in underlying meaning. The participants simply did not consider that their meaning would be different from others. While participants acknowledge that others may perceive behaviors differently, they seemed to assume that they all used the same definition to determine when someone had crossed the same line.
The researchers also found that almost all the participants used some variant of the phrase "crossing the line" to distinguish sexual harassment from flirting, which indicated when flirting behavior became sexual harassment. Using shorthand language, such as "the line" in communication, can create an illusion of shared meaning. This "illusion" makes it difficult for an individual to understand when they have "crossed the line" with others.
"When policymakers create regulations, they need to understand there are underlining differences in meaning, which may make it difficult for policies to be truly effective," said Dougherty. "It is important to understand that a sexual harassment policy is just the first step in stopping harassment in the workplace. Manager and human resource professionals need to continue to provide training and dialog on the topic in order to close the gap between definition and perception."
More information: The study, "Language convergence and meaning divergence: A meaning centered communication theory," will be published in this month's issue of Communication Monographs and was co-authored by Dougherty; Michael Kramer, chair and professor of communication; Stephanie Klatzke, MU graduate student and Teddy Rogers, MU graduate student.
Source: University of Missouri-Columbia
You wouldn't be able to find your way home.
Memory involves the encoding, storage and retrieval of information. It is a mental file cabinet filled with past experiences and learning skills that is constantly evolving and expanding, reshaped by each day's events.
When we need to remember how to get home at night, we recall a past experience to get us there. If we discover a shortcut, we add that new route to our memory.
"Memory helps us form our identity and learn from our past experiences. Without it, we would live from moment to moment, do the same things repetitively day after day, and never learn from our mistakes or our successes," says Dr. James McCarthy, a Hyannis neurologist. "Without memory, we would not have a past."
Short-term memory is fragile; your brain can retain an average of seven pieces of information for about 20 or 30 seconds — long enough to jot down a seven-digit telephone number but not long enough to permanently remember it. To remember that phone number, you have to make a conscious effort to memorize it.
There's a reason for the brevity of short-term memory. If your brain saved every particle of information it processed, it would soon run out of storage space, and you would be unable to remember anything new.
Long-term memory involves a conscious or unconscious effort to retain information that is meaningful to you (how to read a book or write your name) or has made a deep emotional impression (losing a loved one).
People of all ages occasionally forget a name or an errand, but age does play an increasingly important role in memory retention.
McCarthy says that recall function slows as people reach the age of 50.
"People still have the knowledge, they just can't access it as quickly. Facts are difficult to access. Concepts are easier. Older people tend to think in broader terms because they have had more life experience."
Some people have better recall than others. McCarthy says that "variation is sometimes attributable to an innate ability, but also can be influenced by the complexity of people's lives, their interests and psychological factors such as anxiety and stress."
Does occasionally forgetting where you left your car keys mean that your memory is beginning to fail? Not if you are aware that you sometimes do that.
"If you are concerned about your memory, most likely you don't have Alzheimer's disease," says McCarthy. "One of the first things to go in the disease is insight. A person is not aware that they don't remember things. Their recall is usually pretty accurate at the beginning of the disease, but, for example, they can't remember what they ate for breakfast. They can't form new memories very well."
The old adage "use it or lose it" is very applicable to your memory. The brain is made up of billions of cells (neurons). Their fibers form connections with other brain cells and, like runners in a relay, they communicate with each other and pass along information. Like muscles, the more you use those neurons, the stronger they become. If you don't use them regularly, they begin to atrophy.
Recent study findings released at last month's annual meeting of the American Academy of Neurology in Seattle showed that people ages 50 to 65 who read books, play games, use computers and do crafts are 30 percent to 50 percent less likely to develop memory loss as they age than those who don't challenge their brains in these ways.
"Long-term memory can last a lifetime or it can be temporary. Things that are unimportant to us or are not repeated are often lost. If a memory is unused or goes without retrieval for long periods of time, it can fade," says Amy Shapiro, a professor of psychology at UMass Dartmouth. It's important, she says, to keep your mind active. "Reading, doing various kinds of puzzles, taking classes, using old skills and learning new ones all help to enhance memory."
Giving memory a helping hand doesn't hurt, either. Leaving yourself a note to do something or making a "to do" list are time-honored ways of prompting your recall.
"I never leave home without a little mini notebook in my pocket," says Patrick Patrick, 40, of Provincetown. "I write down what I need to do today, tomorrow and even next week, because I won't remember to do things if I don't. Life is so busy and hectic, it's impossible to remember everything without a few notes as reminders."
June Hollis, 60, of Westport uses "little tricks" to help her memory. "When I'm first introduced to someone, I try to associate the first letter of their name with something about their appearance or personality. I also try to think of the first letter of each of the things I want to remember to do and make a word out of them."
Both techniques use mnemonics, or clues, that help us remember something by associating it with a visual image, sentence or word.
Other mnemonic devices include rhymes (Sam eats ham) and alliteration (funny Frank); breaking a long list into smaller units that are more easily remembered; and using sentences in which the first letter of each word is part of the series of things you want to remember (Let's eat chicken Friday — buy lettuce, eggs, chicken and flour).
"Because the world is so complex, it's difficult to remember everything," says McCarthy. "But, with time, practice and the use of recall strategies, most people can improve their memories dramatically."
More memory tips
Pay attention: It takes about eight seconds of intense concentration to process a piece of information.
See, feel, taste: If you are a visual learner, use that strength to picture what you want to remember. If your auditory skills are better, record information and listen to it. Involve your senses. Relate information to colors, textures, sounds and smells.
Make it fun: Make your memory prompts funny, vivid or outlandish so that they make an impression that will be hard to forget.
The bigger picture: If the material is complex, think of things in concepts rather than as individual ideas.
Add-ons: Relate new information to what you already know.
Repeat, repeat, repeat: Keep repeating information you want to learn. "Over-learning" will help impress information onto your memory.Be positive: If you think you can improve your memory, your chances of success are a lot greater.
The Language Pattern Bible contains an A-Z exposition of powerful Indirect Hypnotherapy principles. Written by Kerin Webb SQHP (a director of Eos Seminars Ltd, a UK-based company which delivers accredited Indirect Hypnotherapy / NLP and Coaching training programmes and of Ultra Hypnosis Ltd, a company which produces state-of-the-art self-help hypnotherapy CDs) the principles covered here are explained in easy to understand detail, with many examples provided which show you how these special hypnotherapy patterns are developed and importantly, how you can replicate them in your own work. Kerin Webb has years of experience gained working with real people, in the real world, helping them to make the changes they want with Indirect Hypnotherapy/NLP. As a trainer, Kerin’s students have included psychiatrists, doctors and nurses, as well as many other talented people from all walks of life. In the Language Pattern Bible, Kerin Webb also highlights the work of psychotherapy pioneer Frank Farrelly A.C.S.W and his unique Provocative Therapy approach (which was modelled in detail by the developers of NLP) based on his own personal observations gained when observing Frank Farrelly at work. If you want to learn more about how Indirect Hypnotherapy language patterns work and how you too can start to employ them with insight and precision, then this book is for you. Special note: The Language Pattern Bible has been edited by Gill Webb SQHP and Andrea Lindsay HDIH. Gill is a joint director of Eos Seminars Ltd and Ultra Hypnosis Ltd. Andrea is a director of Halo Hypnotherapy and a joint director of Ultra Hypnosis Ltd. Published by: Best Buddy Books.
User Ratings and Reviews
5 Stars More language patterns than you can imagine
To call a book a Bible implies a certain authority on its subject matter. It certainly was a leap of faith to buy this book without being able to look inside, and based on only two reviews.
My father always told me that a sign of a good book is an index. When it arrived, to my initial dismay, it had no index or a contents page. Leafing through it my momentary dismay turned to joy as I noted the contents were indexed alphabetically.
I looked up every different pattern I could think of. In the process, I discovered, and you may discover too, patterns used not only by Erickson, but also Bandler, Derren Brown, Tad James, Steven Lankton, Ernest Rossi and other luminaries. In addition, a plethora of other nlp patterns one could use in coaching, or hypnotherapy.
If you’re like me, its not necessarily a book you’d read through cover to cover. You might think, reverse yes set, or confusion pattern, or negation, or embedded commands, or reverse double bind, hypnotic questions, or reverse set double bind and then look it up. Alternatively, you might leaf through and see what catches your attention, like a dictionary. I racked my brain, and could not think of any type of pattern that was not in the book.
When you look up these patterns you will usually find the pattern structure described followed by numerous examples. You can then use them or develop your own patterns for use in different contexts.
A couple of patterns were not explained, just examples given.
So, this book is a valuable resource which I am pleased to own, and I look forward to practising the thousands of patterns contained on its 670 pages. I commend it to you for your consideration.
If you were to find this review helpful, please click yes.
5 Stars Stunning
Comprehensive is not an accurate term for this work. It is a masterpiece for those in the field of conversational hypnosis. It can take years to master all the information in here. Superb.
5 Stars Essential Hypnosis Reading. Brilliant.
This is a must for any professional hypnotherapist and anyone looking to use hypnotic language patterns skillfully and actually understand them too. This book represents the most comprehensive, in-depth and exhaustive work in the hypnotic language field. It is easy to read and understand and fills you with many “oh..yeah..” moments. The hypnotherapist who does not own a copy of the hypnotic language pattern Bible by Kerin Webb is going to lag behind those of us that do! I wish I had this book years ago!
Practicing with these patterns can begin to almost effortlessly improve your own effectiveness as a network marketer, independent home based business entrepreneur, and most importantly, a communicator.
In any communication, over 90% of the meaning in your communication is contained in your voice tonality and body language. Obviously, if your arena is internet marketing, your success depends on your ability to consciously project these qualities into your written communications:) So, what you say is not as important as how you say it. Watch a powerful communicator, someone like Barak Obama for instance. Powerful communicators of all kinds do something that hypnotists call ‘tonal marking’.
Milton Erickson, a well renowned hypnotist would mark out sections of his spoken communications by changing his voice pitch or using hesitations.
“I don’t want you to GO INTO A TRANCE until YOU WANT TO.” Although it may seem as though he is offering a choice, subliminally it is instruction in disguise. The words ‘go into a trance’ and ‘you want to’ go directly to the subconscious mind. Now what happens next may seem like a small thing
but if you think about it, it’s very profound. After that tonal marking, the rest of the communications are now sorted through that particular meaning. In sales and marketing, online or offline, this technique is called an embedded command. Here are a couple of examples:
“Hello, I’m sure that, YOU, LIKE ME, want value for money, that’s why BY NOW you maybe wondering whether OUR LATEST MODEL IS THE RIGHT ONE FOR YOU.”
“Hello, am I speaking to the person who BUYS OFFICE PAPER FOR YOUR COMPANY, I don’t know if THIS IS EXACTLY WHAT YOU’RE LOOKING FOR or not? May I ask if YOU ARE INTERESTED IN BUYING THIS PARTICULAR MODEL? NOW I wonder if you’ve thought about it yet?
I see this one being used by the media and politicians often. You cannot negate something that doesn’t yet exist:) If I told you, “don’t think of a white elephant with pink polka dots.” You just had to make some representation in your mind of this elephant to know what you’re not thinking about. This technique is very effective in persuasion. For instance:
“Don’t think about whether it’s better value, more reliable or looks best, but decide if it’s the one you really want.”
” You shouldn’t spend too much time thinking how much you are enjoying this.”
Tag questions appear to offer a choice but lead the audience to a desired response by reducing resistance. If you look closely you’ll see that they are actually statements, but said in the tone of a question.
“I’m sure you’d like to go to the movies, wouldn’t you?”
“You can make it on Tuesday, can’t you?”
You were there on the night of the 8th, were you not?
When someone makes a statement about another person’s internal experience, this is known as mind reading. This sends the audience on a journey through their own experience of emotional states. Consider these:
“I know you must be wondering just how much value you will get from practicing these language patterns.”
“You must feel proud of all you have accomplished.”
This is a BIG one! Presuppositions are one of the most powerful linguistic tools in persuasion. No
wonder I see this one used profusely in the news media.
When communicating verbally, what is taken for granted or assumed within a statement is one of the most important components. Everything you say has certain elements which must be presupposed. For example, a simple statement like ‘the cat sat on the mat’, presupposes that there is an object of entity called a cat, it can either place itself or be placed somewhere and there is an object or entity called a mat. All of these presuppositions must be there in order for the sentence to make sense.
The reason presuppositions are so powerful in persuasion and influence is because the listener has to accept whatever is presupposed in order to make sense of the statement. If I say, “How embarrassed were you to get caught with your hand in the cookie jar?” To understand the sentence, you have to accept the presupposition that you were indeed embarrassed.
“Don’t be too surprised at how easy you find it.”
“Before you choose which machine you like, I need to ask a few more questions.”
“When you have bought this machine, you know there is a reliable company behind it.”
Words related to time sequence like: before, after, when, as, are useful in presupposing. Like these:
“Before you choose which of our policies is the best one for you, take a minute to read through the brochure.”
“After a few minutes rest, you will feel much better.”
Another important pattern of presupposition uses commentary words, usually ending in “ly”, implying value for a statement. Words like importantly, fortunately, curiously, etc. This pattern tells someone how they should feel about what is being communicated.
“More importantly you need to think about security. Without it you are like a leaf in the wind.”
“Fortunately, you are just in time for our early bird 15% discount.”
And then there are those words which raise implications about what you are aware of:
“Are you aware of just how important this project really is to the company?”
You can use presuppositions to create comparisons that presuppose what you want. We see this pattern often in advertising. “It’s so much more reliable.” More reliable than what? This forces the prospect to unconsciously link reliability to your product. Because the comparison isn’t there the statement presupposed that the product is reliable.
LEARNING TO USE PRESUPPOSITIONS
To become more skillful in using presuppositions the first step is to determine what actions, information and emotional states that would be useful for the people you are speaking with to have.
Next, you need to think through a logical sequence for those action, information and states and then practice them. A good way to do this is to write them down, using different ones to make the actions, information and states you want others to accept as a presupposed part of your communication.
Here is an example from a participant at a business seminar:
“As I’m sure you are all aware, the process of change requires commitment, persistence and the goodwill to keep giving your best and highest even when you can’t see and end to all your efforts. Fortunately, everyone in this room demonstrates the necessary qualities to successfully go ahead and make the changes we need to make. I don’t know yet if you realize that, because of the changes you are going to implement, that in three years time we can all look forward to a more pleasant work environment, and a healthier, more fulfilling experience at work.”
If you re-read that paragraph several times you can list out the presuppositions being used. Go ahead and make some notations on the paragraph to analyze the order that the presuppositions are used. This is just one example and you should practice making up your own.
WRAPPING IT ALL UP
Now, this is not magic so don’t think you can use one language pattern in isolation and force someone to do something they don’t want to do. When you incorporate these patterns into your use of language artfully, you will find your ability to persuade improves greatly.
The best way I know to master the art of language patterns so they become a natural part of your everyday communications is to practice using them. For most people, writing down about 20 examples of each pattern is a good way to teach your brain to do it easily. If you practice using language patterns, fortunately, you will find your abilities as a persuasive internet marketer are increased tremendously. I don’t know if it will be immediately or after just a few days but you can rest assured that with practice you will perfect your skills.
If you are employing a mentor or an online business training and coaching system you should now be able to identify whether or not the marketing communications are likely to be effective.
Learn To Control The Thoughts
of Others With Your Words
People who were aggressive as children and young adults are likely to continue that behavior later in adult life and wind up with marital problems, traffic violations and even arrests, a new study shows.
"These individuals also had the lowest levels of occupational prestige and educational attainment," said L. Rowell Huesmann, the University of Michigan Amos N. Tversky Collegiate Professor of Communication Studies & Psychology.
Individuals who were regularly aggressive at ages 8, 19 and 30 experienced a difficult later adult life all the way through age 48, according to the study published in the journal Aggressive Behavior.
The results also supported other findings that many children grow out of adolescent problem behaviors. Outbreaks of aggressive behavior that were limited to adolescence were shown to have few long-term negative consequences, he said. These results paralleled findings from Britain, Finland and Sweden published in the same journal issue.
Huesmann and his colleagues at the U-M Institute for Social Research used data from the Columbia County Longitudinal Study, a 40-year project of the development of aggression and competence across generations. The study sampled third graders in Columbia County, N.Y. in 1960, then age 8, until 2000 when they were age 48.
The researchers measured long-term consequences of aggressive and antisocial behavior among 523 participants in childhood, adolescence, and young adulthood. Males were typically more aggressive than females, said Huesmann, who is also a researcher at the Institute for Social Research. The outcomes included arrests, traffic violations, marital problems, educational failures, economic failures and health concerns
Individuals who remain high in aggression from age 8 through 30 fared poorly in comparison with others on a variety of criminal and psychosocial outcomes, the research indicated.
The researchers also found greater continuity of aggression for males compared with females. In addition, males who were highly aggressive in childhood were more likely to remain highly aggressive in adulthood than were females who were also highly aggressive in childhood.
Females rated at low levels of aggressiveness during childhood were more likely to remain low in aggressiveness in adulthood than males who were rated low in aggressiveness during childhood.
The researchers also noted that a small number of people who suddenly became more aggressive at age 30 experienced significant negative consequences later in adulthood. This late-onset aggression resulted in depression, problem drinking and poor health at age 48. The majority of this group was female, Huesmann said.
The findings appear in a special section on "Life Span Longitudinal Studies of Aggressive and Criminal Behavior" in the March issue of the journal Aggressive Behavior. Huesmann co-wrote the article with Eric Dubow, ISR and Bowling Green State University, and Paul Boxer, ISR and Rutgers University.
Provided by University of Michigan
Does stress damage the brain? In the March 1st issue of Biological Psychiatry, published by Elsevier, a paper by Tibor Hajszan and colleagues provides an important new chapter to this question.
This issue emerged in the 1990's as an important clinical question with the observation by J. Douglas Bremner and colleagues, then at the VA National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), that hippocampal volume was reduced in combat veterans with PTSD. This finding was replicated by several, but not all, groups. In particular, it did not appear that this change was associated with acute PTSD. The importance of this finding was further called into question as a group associated with the Harvard Medical School found that reduced hippocampal volume predicted risk for PTSD among twins, rather than emerging as a consequence of PTSD.
Yet limitations of this twin study reduced the strength of this inference, as there were relatively high rates of early life trauma in the twins without combat-related PTSD, i.e., a potential environmental source for the reductions in hippocampal volume associated with later risk for PTSD. This group also showed that cortical volume reductions in other brain regions, such as the pregenual anterior cingulate cortex, were more clearly linked to trauma than were the hippocampal changes in these twins. "This collection of clinical findings highlights an important limitation of clinical neuroimaging studies. These studies have the ability to raise important questions about brain structure in a general sense, but we still rely on studies of postmortem human tissue and animal research to determine the specific nature of neural changes," explains Dr. John Krystal, Editor of Biological Psychiatry and affiliated with both Yale University School of Medicine and the VA Connecticut Healthcare System.
This is where research conducted in animals has provided critical information. Initial data by investigators, such as Robert Sapolsky at Stanford University, suggested that stress might promote the death of neurons, suggesting that the volume reductions in patients with PTSD might reflect the loss of nerve cells. More recent research by Bruce McEwen and colleagues at Rockefeller University indicates that stress can cause neurons to shrink or retract their connections. This could be critically important to the ability of these neurons to work together in highly inter-connected networks. But what is the link between this type of "neural remodeling" and the behavioral changes that follow extreme stress exposure?
The new paper by Hajszan and colleagues at Yale University suggests that in learned helplessness, an animal model for depression and PTSD, stress-related reductions in synapses in the hippocampus are directly related to the emergence of depression-like behavior. These data help to make the case that stress-related changes in the structure of nerve cells may have important behavioral consequences, explains Dr. Hajszan. "The importance of our findings is derived from the well-known fact that synapses have a great potential for rapid changes, which may underlie sudden mood swings. More importantly, it is feasible to restore hippocampal synapses in a very short period of time (hours or even minutes), which opens up exciting new avenues for developing rapid-acting antidepressants that may provide immediate relief from depressive symptoms."
It cannot yet be said that reductions in cortical volumes in patients with PTSD reflect reductions in the number of synapses. However, these findings underscore the potential importance of studying post-mortem human tissue to determine whether humans also show this pattern of neural changes. Dr. Krystal notes that "settling this issue could help us to better understand recent epidemiologic data suggesting that most of the adjustment problems of soldiers returning from Iraq and Afghanistan with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) or post-concussive syndrome are attributable to PTSD." He adds, "We have tended to think of PTSD and mild TBI as unrelated at the neural level. However, with growing evidence from animal studies that PTSD may be associated with loss of neural connections, it may turn out that PTSD and mild TBI are two distinct, but interacting, ways that soldiers might be affected by their combat experience. " Research is ongoing in the authors' lab and in others as they continue to make progress in understanding how the brain is affected by depression and stress, and in developing targeted medications.
More information: "Remodeling of Hippocampal Spine Synapses in the Rat Learned Helplessness Model of Depression" by Tibor Hajszan, et al., Biological Psychiatry, Volume 65, Issue 5 (March 1, 2009)
A leading deception expert has called for law enforcement agencies to do away with lie detector tests when questioning terror suspects because they are too unreliable.
Professor Aldert Vrij from the University of Portsmouth said conventional law enforcement lie detection tools that focus on a suspect’s ‘arousal-based’ responses to key questions are not accurate enough against the increased threat of terrorism and international crime.
He called for the introduction of the cognitive-load approach – an innovative new method that cranks up the brainpower a suspect needs under questioning.
This is done by carefully designing questioning protocols to make suspects think significantly harder at specific times during a police interview. The suspect is given secondary tasks such as telling their stories in reverse order, or recalling information relayed through a set of headphones.
The cognitive-load approach is a marked departure from the status quo in law enforcement where most lie detection tools use arousal-based protocols that assume liars will be more aroused under questioning because of the fear of getting caught.
'The trouble with this is that liars do not necessarily reveal more signs of arousal when answering key questions and, conversely, truth tellers might be anxious and hence show signs of arousal when answering key questions,' Professor Vrij said.
‘The cognitive-load approach is based on the idea that lying in an interview setting is cognitively demanding as liars have to think harder to concentrate on extra demands such as what others are thinking, keeping their story straight, and monitoring and controlling their behaviour so they avoid creating the impression they are lying.
'Liars, whose cognitive resources will already be partially depleted by the act of lying, should find this additional, concurrent task particularly debilitating. This should show up as a poorer performance in the primary task (e.g. providing a statement during the interview), and also on the secondary task.'
Professor Vrij said when people lied they used 'higher' brain areas such as the prefrontal cortex and it had already been proven that increased activity in these areas inhibited ongoing unnecessary motor behaviour such as fidgeting.*
He cited recent experimental tests where police officers watching videos of real-life suspects were more accurately able to discriminate between liars and truth tellers by being asked 'How hard is the person thinking?'
The police officers also thought suspects looked less nervous when lying than when they were telling the truth.
'If lying is cognitively demanding, then attending to signs of cognitive load should improve people's ability to detect deception,' he said.
Professor Vrij was speaking at the BA Festival of Science in Norwich where he presented the paper Why Professionals Fail to Catch Liars and How They Can Improve.
* Spence, S.A. et al. (2004) A cognitive neurobiological account of deception: evidence from functional neuroimaging. Philos. Trans. T.Soc Lond. 359, 1755- 1762.
Source: University of Portsmouth
Get Rich,Get Laid, Get Even.
Get What You Want
In everyday language, people sometimes say that immoral behaviours "leave a bad taste in your mouth". But this may be more than a metaphor according to new scientific evidence from the University of Toronto that shows a link between moral disgust and more primitive forms of disgust related to poison and disease.
"Morality is often pointed to as the pinnacle of human evolution and development," says lead author Hanah Chapman, a graduate student in the Department of Psychology. "However, disgust is an ancient and rather primitive emotion which played a key evolutionary role in survival. Our research shows the involvement of disgust in morality, suggesting that moral judgment may depend as much on simple emotional processes as on complex thought." The research is being published in Science on February 27, 2009.
In the study, the scientists examined facial movements when participants tasted unpleasant liquids and looked at photographs of disgusting objects such as dirty toilets or injuries. They compared these to their facial movements when they were subjected to unfair treatment in a laboratory game. The U of T team found that people make similar facial movements in response to both primitive forms of disgust and moral disgust.
The research employed electromyography, a technique that uses small electrodes placed on the face to detect electrical activation that occurs when the facial muscles contract. In particular, they focused on movement of the levator labii muscle, which acts to raise the upper lip and wrinkle the nose, movements that are thought to be characteristic of the facial expression of disgust.
"We found that people show activation of this muscle region in all three situations - when tasting something bad, looking at something disgusting and experiencing unfairness," says Chapman.
"These results shed new light on the origins of morality, suggesting that not only do complex thoughts guide our moral compass, but also more primitive instincts related to avoiding potential toxins," says Adam Anderson, principal investigator on the project and the Canada Research Chair in Affective Neuroscience. "Surprisingly, our sophisticated moral sense of what is right and wrong may develop from a newborn's innate preference for what tastes good and bad, what is potentially nutritious versus poisonous."
Source: University of Toronto
With Mother's Day, Father's Day and high school and college graduations upcoming, there will be plenty of gift-giving and well wishes. When those start pouring in, let yourself be grateful—it's the best way to achieve happiness according to several new studies conducted by Todd Kashdan, associate professor of psychology at George Mason University.
Gratitude, the emotion of thankfulness and joy in response to receiving a gift, is one of the essential ingredients for living a good life, Kashdan says. Kashdan's most recent paper, which was published online this week at the Journal of Personality, reveals that when it comes to achieving well-being, gender plays a role. He found that men are much less likely to feel and express gratitude than women.
"Previous studies on gratitude have suggested that there might be a difference in gender, and so we wanted to explore this further—and find out why. Even if it is a small effect, it could make a huge difference in the long run," says Kashdan.
In one study, Kashdan interviewed college-aged students and older adults, asking them to describe and evaluate a recent episode in which they received a gift. He found that women compared with men reported feeling less burden and obligation and greater levels of gratitude when presented with gifts. In addition, older men reported greater negative emotions when the gift giver was another man.
"The way that we get socialized as children affects what we do with our emotions as adults," says Kashdan. "Because men are generally taught to control and conceal their softer emotions, this may be limiting their well-being."
As director of the Laboratory for the Study of Social Anxiety, Character Strengths, and Related Phenomena at Mason, Kashdan is interested in the assessment and cultivation of well-being, curiosity, gratitude and meaning and purpose in life. He has been active in the positive psychology movement since 2000, when he taught one of the first college courses on the science of happiness.
Kashdan says that if he had to name three elements that are essential for creating happiness and meaning in life it would be meaningful relationships, gratitude, and living in the present moment with an attitude of openness and curiosity. His book "Curious?," which outlines ways people can enhance and maintain the various shades of well-being, is scheduled for release in April 2009 with HarperCollins.
Source: George Mason University
Divisive Preacher Speaks At School Meeting
Dietician Accused Of Advocating Near-Starvation Dieting
By Reported By Marc Stewart
HENDERSONVILLE, Tenn. - A controversial preacher who has been accused of advocating "near-starvation" dieting was the featured speaker at a school nutrition meeting.
Gwen Shamblin, a dietician who founded the Weigh Down Workshop, took her message of prayer to curb appetite to Sumner County schools this week.
Now the superintendent admits it wasn't a good idea.
Shamblin is credited with helping people to lose weight. The message: Let God tell you when you're hungry and when to stop eating.
"You've got to be different,” said Shamblin. "You have got to change."
Shamblin's program is controversial. Critics said it is a glorified form of starvation and employs mind control.
In 2004, the death of an 8-year-old sent investigators to her office, amid accusations that her church encouraged child abuse.
Thursday, Shamblin spoke at Station Camp Elementary School. She was an invited guest of the school system's nutrition association, a group made up of food service managers and workers. They meet regularly for professional development.
"She may have used the word 'God' instead of 'Lord,' but otherwise she really didn't over exaggerate anything," said Linda Becker, nutrition supervisor.
Becker said she didn't know about Shamblin's controversial past and didn't feel her appearance violated the separation of church and state.
"I felt like under the circumstance of trying to discipline your body, and the measure that it was presented and used in, I felt like that it was OK, you know, at that time," said Becker.
But school leaders say the choice of Shamblin was not OK and that the speaker should have been better researched.
Shamblin's publicist said she was told the visit went well and was surprised to hear that it had sparked controversy.
Louis Hughes, OP
Defining the Term ‘Cult’
“A cult is a totalitarian organization, whether religious or not, the behaviour of which affects human rights and social stability.”
["Une secte est une association de structure totalitaire, déclarant ou non des objectifs religieux, dont le comportement porte atteinte aux droits de l'homme et à l'équilibre social." - Mission Interministérielle de Lutte contre les Sectes, established by the French government in 1998 to combat the 'sectes', which best translates in English as 'cults']
Because of its popular usage I use the term ‘cult’ in this article to designate any group, religious or otherwise, which is considered to subject its members or would-be members to an unusually high degree of psychological pressure, intimidation or deception. However, I dissagree with those in the ‘anti-cult’ movement who divide groups into two categories: ‘cults’ and non-’cults’. The problem of ‘cultism’ can arise in any group situation (including one’s own) and can increase or decrease over time. None of the movements commonly referred to as ‘cults’ would accept this derogatory term as being applicable to them. Hence my use of apostrophes round the word ‘cult’.
The ‘cults’ we hear most about are new religious movements. While these are the main focus of this article, it should be noted that there are also psychological, political, commercial, New Age and science fiction ‘cults’ that control their members’ lives no less ruthlessly. While concerns are most often expressed in connection with new religious movements, problems can also be found within groups claiming association with mainline religions. Over the past forty years ‘cults’ of every description have managed to attract to their ranks millions of members, including very many highly educated and intelligent adults.
‘Cults’ can have memberships running as high as hundreds of thousands. At the other end of the scale I am aware of one-to-one ‘cult’-like relationships within which the life of one person is under the total mental domination of another. All tend to have a number of features in common.
Profile of a ‘Cult’
The leader of a ‘cult’ exercises an almost irresistible power over his followers. Through his charisma he is able to command unquestioning obedience over every aspect of the member’s life and may even routinely alter the group’s rules and beliefs. In some cases the leader claims to be God.
From the time a member joins, the ‘cult’ is to be his or her real family. Frequently members refer to and think of the leader as ‘Father’ or ‘Mother’ . The natural parents, sisters and brothers are rejected. Contact with them is however sometimes allowed in order to raise money from them, or with a view to ’saving’ them by bringing them into the ‘cult’.
‘Cult’ members are taught that the end justifies whatever means are required to advance the group’s mission as interpreted by the leader. Systematic deception is a typical ‘cult’ tactic. ISKCON (Hare Krishna) members dressed in plain clothes have on occasion collected money on the streets “to help young people with a drugs problem.” In reality the money has gone to that organisation itself. To ‘cult’ leaders and their followers, this is not regarded as lying, but as ‘heavenly deception’ (the term used by the Unification Church (Moonies) which one is obliged to use in order to further ‘God’s work’.
The follower’s fear of being rejected is exploited by the group for the purpose of control. Rejection may simply involve being treated as an outcast. Sometimes it can take the form of threats about, for example, being damned to hell or being destined to reincarnate as a worm or an insect.
Members believe that there is no hope of salvation outside the cult, which claims to provide the only answer to humanity’s problems. Outsiders are considered as lost, evil, even satanic.
What harm do ‘Cults’ do?
The violent end suffered by members of some ‘cults’, notably those who followed Jim Jones, David Koresh, Solar Temple and Heavensgate, demonstrates the extreme destructiveness to which in some cases cultist mind control can lead. Psychiatric damage is a much more typical result of ‘cult’ involvement. This can be readily established in the case of those who have left and who subsequently present themselves for therapy.
One systematic survey studied more than 400 ex-members from a number of groups including the Unification Church, Hare Krishnas, Divine Light Mission, Children of God, the Way International and Scientology. It found that for a long time after leaving, ‘floating’ sensations were experienced by 52% of those surveyed, while 40% suffered from nightmares, 35% from inability to break chanting rhythms, 21% from self-destructive tendencies, 21% from amnesia, 14% from violent outbursts and 14% from hallucinations. In some cases up to two years of counselling was needed to cope with these symptoms.
The more intensive and effective the mind controlling techniques are, the more damaging a group is. Cultism is a defect that can enter into and poison the way any group - religious or non-religious - functions.
Some commentators have argued in defence of present-day ‘cults’ that they are not fundamentally different from small enthusiastic religious groups, including the early Church, that flourished in previous centuries. This viewpoint ignores the fact that today’s ‘cults’ have access to a wide range of modern psychological techniques to gain control over a person’s thoughts, feelings and behaviour. Then there is also the application to group situations of sales’ techniques for influencing people that have been developed for the marketplace.
Mind Control not Brainwashing
There are legitimate forms of mind control that individuals may use to help develop their personal effectiveness. The unethical mind control that ‘cults’ use are systems that seek to undermine people’s integrity in making their own decisions.
Many critics of ‘cults’ accuse them of ‘brainwashing’ people. I believe there is some confusion here. Brainwashing is a much cruder instrument than mind control. With brainwashing the person knows he is being abused. Brainwashing is physically coercive, abusive, and sometimes even accompanied by torture. The effects of brainwashing seem to dissipate when the person is released from his controllers and gets back to familiar surroundings, whereas mind control by a ‘cult’ is frequently every bit as powerful when the follower is away from the cult environment. A young Irishman who joined the Unification Church in Australia some years ago, was able to return home and live in his brother’s house without his Moonie convictions being weakened in any way.
‘Cult’ members are not aware that they are being mind-controlled. If they were, the control would automatically cease. In counselling situations, any time I have gently hinted at the possibility of mind control, they have vehemently denied it. Indeed, the key to helping a person make a free choice about leaving or staying in a ‘cult’ is to help her arrive at an awareness of how she is being mentally manipulated - never an easy task. Fortunately, many ‘cult’ members escape the web of mind control through becoming aware of it without any outside help. One young woman who had been a member of ISKCON told me of her discovery that unknown to her the leaders had been reading her letters. This led her to realize that she was being manipulated and she left the group. Moments of ‘enlightenment’ like this are probably the main reason why ‘cults’ have such a high turnover of members, especially in the earlier stages of involvement.
The effect of mind-controlled entry into a ‘cult’ is to leave a person not so much with a ‘personality change’ - the view of earlier analysts - as with a dual identity. On the outside and on top most of the time is the ‘cult’ identity, modelled on the leader and other influential members of the group. Trapped inside and occasionally making it to the surface, is the original natural personality, the much loved daughter or son, sister or brother. Patience rather than force is needed in order to allow the ‘cult’ member get in contact with and act out of his or her own personality.
The Technology of Mind Control
A significant factor in the growth of ‘cults’ over the past couple of decades has been that more and more people have been introduced to methods for inducing hypnotic trance. These same techniques are capable of being used in mind control, by turning the external senses inwards and programming a person’s thinking.
Since the Second World War intelligence agencies round the world have been engaged in researching and developing mind control technology. The brainwashing practised in Korean and Chinese prisoner-of-war camps of the early 1950s was a fore-runner to this development. Sun Myung Moon, a native Korean and close collaborator of the then president Park Chung Hee, was aware of these techniques. Later on he improved and refined them into the mind control technology used in building up his Unification Church.
Mental overload is the single most powerful method used by Moon and some other ‘cult’ leaders. Anyone who has taken part in an intensive seminar will have had some experience of it - the feeling of wanting to get out in the fresh air, walk around, reflect on what one has heard and relate it to things already known. During the Moonie weekend there are extended periods of indoctrination including a lecture lasting six hours. The participant is deprived of nourishing food, sleep and of any opportunity for reflection. She is never allowed to be on her own even when going to the bathroom. One young Irishwoman who did this weekend at a camp in California, had no idea that it was being run by the Moonies or Unification Church. She was recruited into the organisation without even knowing its name.
At a certain point in the indoctrination process mental ’snapping’ can occur. The personality of the listener is overwhelmed by the pressure of new information and all resistance to further indoctrination crumbles.
Sensory deprivation is a technique particularly favoured by ‘cults’ of Indian origin. Some of these practise deep meditation during which participants receive suggestions which make them more receptive to the group’s doctrine. A College student of exemplary character and family background answered an advertisement for a meditation course in an Irish daily newspaper. As a result she became involved unknowingly in the Ananda Marg. This is an Indian-based cult that has combined religious fanaticism with an agenda of political violence, including assassinations and self-immolations. At the time her distraught father came to see me, she was in an Italian jail on a six year sentence for heroin smuggling.
Prolonged repetitive chanting can also become a mechanism for sensory deprivation. Between singing and silent recitation, observant ISKCON members spend on average seven hours chanting each day. This can greatly reduce a person’s ability to think critically and so the door is opened to mental programming.
Whatever method of mind control is used, the new member soon starts to take on the characteristics of his ‘cult’ instructor and a dual personality begins to take shape. An interesting finding in this connection was that when members of seven major religious ‘cults’ were given the Myers-Briggs Personality Indicator tests over a period of time, they were found to be moving towards one specific personality type within each movement .
Why do People join?
The most basic thing that anyone joining a religious ‘cult’ is looking for is an experience of transcendence. There is within each one of us a sense that there must be something more to life than the pursuit of wealth, power and pleasure. We are consciously or unconsciously searching for a sense of mystery. One of the things that the growth of new religious movements over the past few decades teaches us is that the human being by her very nature is irremediably spiritual. This point is confirmed by the experience in the former Soviet Union where religious activity of every kind has mushroomed in a society systematically deprived of religion for seventy years.
The main-line Churches seem to have acquiesced in the striving of Western culture to dominate and exploit the environment for material gain. All too rarely do people experience a sense of wonder or awe while attending traditional religious services. Through their use of spiritual techniques, including chanting and meditation in exotic environments, ‘cults’ seem to offer more in the way of spiritual high points.
One thing that strikes the visitor to a meeting of ‘cult’ members is a sense of community and belonging. The first time I attended a satsang or prayer meeting of the Divine Light Mission/Elan Vital - even though I was attending for the purposes of research - I found myself quickly relaxing into a warm, loving atmosphere as some of those present spoke enthusiastically of their love for Guru Maharaj. Closely knit groups like this give potential recruits love, acceptance and community. However, the reality after they commit themselves is often very different.
For idealistic young men and women, ‘cults’ offer the chance to transform the world, spreading peace, creating heaven upon earth, with spiritual fulfilment for all who are prepared to listen. The partial failure of the traditional Churches to carry out their mission is perhaps nowhere more evident than in the way in which ‘cults’ have been able to usurp the mandate to spread the Good News.
On one occasion after I had given a talk on Satanism to a group of school pupils, two or three sixteen year-olds came up and told me that they still found seances with a ouija board very attractive. On further discussion I discovered that what they were really interested in was not actually Satan but the sense of mystery which can come from sitting round a lighted candle. I told them that traditional religious services for young people can also be celebrated in such a setting and they said they would be delighted to come!
I felt there was a lesson here. Rather than organize some grand liturgical function, why not simply invite young people to sit in prayerful silence round a lighted candle in a darkened room? There are many things that can be done after that - place a crucifix or an icon behind the candle, play a Taize or Christian meditation tape, or celebrate the Eucharist.
Meditation is probably the most popular form of religious or spiritual activity today. In my work with students I have found it easier to involve them in Christian meditation sessions than in Mass.
Spiritual weekends for young adults are now happily available in many parts of Ireland and elsewhere. I have found that within a short time, young people of seventeen and upwards are ready to take part, not just in the cooking, but also in prayer services, Scripture study, ‘Emmaus walks’ and preparing the liturgy. A great sense of community and mission can come out of these weekends. Those who have been nourished at them will be less likely to turn to ‘cults’.
When people come to me whose son or daughter has joined a ‘cult’, I discourage them from taking any hasty action. It is all too easy for a ‘cult’ member to believe that their parents are doing Satan’s work by opposing their involvement. I recommend that they seek help from somebody who understands the dynamics of ‘cult’ mind control and who also knows something about that particular movement; that they find out as much as possible about the group through books, magazines and tapes. Above all, I urge them not to lose hope.
RECOMMENDED READING (in addition to works referred to above)
* Deikman, M.D., Arthur J., THE WRONG WAY HOME - uncovering the patterns of cult behaviour in American society [Beacon Press, Boston 1990]
* YOGA - A PATH TO GOD?, Louis Hughes [Mercier Press, Cork, 1997]
* Progress Report on New Religious Movements received from Regional and National Episcopal Conferences - October 1985. [published in OSSERVATORE ROMANO (English Ed.), 19/5/1986
The human brain's sensitivity to unexpected outcomes plays a fundamental role in the ability to adapt and learn new behaviors, according to a new stud
Using a computer-based card game and microelectrodes to observe neuronal activity of the brain, the Penn study, published this week in the journal Science, suggests that neurons in the human substantia nigra, or SN, play a central role in reward-based learning, modulating learning based on the discrepancy between the expected and the realized outcome.
"This is the first study to directly record neural activity underlying this learning process in humans, confirming the hypothesized role of the basal ganglia, which includes the SN, in models of reinforcement including learning, addiction and other disorders involving reward-seeking behavior," said lead author Kareem Zaghloul, postdoctoral fellow in neurosurgery at Penn's School off Medicine. "By responding to unexpected financial rewards, these cells encode information that seems to help participants maximize reward in the probabilistic learning task."
Learning, previously studied in animal models, seems to occur when dopaminergic neurons, which drive a larger basal ganglia circuit, are activated in response to unexpected rewards and depressed after the unexpected omission of reward. Put simply, a lucky win seems to be retained better than a probable loss.
Similar to an economic theory, where efficient markets respond to unexpected events and expected events have no effect, we found that the dopaminergic system of the human brain seems to be wired in a similar rational manner -- tuned to learn whenever anything unexpected happens but not when things are predictable," said Michael J. Kahana, senior author and professor of psychology at Penn's School of Arts and Sciences.
Zaghloul worked with Kahana and Gordon Baltuch, associate professor of neurosurgery, in a unique collaboration among departments of psychology, neurosurgery and bioengineering. They used microelectrode recordings obtained during deep brain stimulation surgery of Parkinson's patients to study neuronal activity in the SN, the midbrain structure that plays an important role in movement, as well as reward and addiction. Patients with Parkinson's disease show impaired learning from both positive and negative feedback in cognitive tasks due to the degenerative nature of their disease and the decreased number of dopaminergic neurons.
The recordings were analyzed to determine whether responses were affected by reward expectation. Participants were asked to choose between red and blue decks of cards presented on a computer screen, one of which carried a higher probability of yielding a financial reward than the other. If the draw of a card yielded a reward, a stack of gold coins was displayed along with an audible ring of a cash register and a counter showing accumulated virtual earnings. If the draw did not yield a reward or if no choice was made, the screen turned blank and participants heard a buzz.
"This new way to measure dopaminergic neuron activity has helped us gain a greater understanding of fundamental cognitive activity," said Baltuch, director of the Penn Medicine Center for Functional and Restorative Neurosurgery.
Source: University of Pennsylvania
Learn the Techniques to
a Powerful Memory
March 10th, 2009
In these experiments, a group of volunteers were interrupted prior to finishing a word game and were then asked to describe their behavior using the imperfective (e.g., I was solving word puzzles) or perfective (e.g., I solved word puzzles) aspect. The volunteers then completed a memory test (for the word game) or a word game which was similar to the first one they had worked on.
It turns out, the volunteers who had described their behavior using the imperfective aspect were able to recall more specific details of their experience compared to volunteers who had described their behavior in the perfective aspect. The volunteers writing in the imperfective aspect also performed better on the second word game and were more willing to complete the task than did volunteers who used the perfective to describe their experience.
The authors surmise that when we think about our past behavior in the imperfective (e.g. what we were doing), we tend to imagine that behavior as ongoing (and not completed yet). This enables us to easily think about what went into that behavior and may help us improve performance on similar tasks in the future.
The authors note that these findings may be relevant to behavioral therapy. They suggest that "decreasing the frequency of unhealthy behaviors might be facilitated by discussing these behaviors in terms of what I did. In contrast, increasing the frequency of healthy behaviors might be facilitated by discussing these behaviors in terms of what I was doing."
If you want a reading from a palmist, it usually has to be done by mail. You send a print of your hand in the form of a Xerox to a palmist who then sends you back a mail or email answer to your question. You can't really get a palm reading as phone readings because the psychic is unable to see your palm.
The best psychic phone readings are usual the tarot card readings. There are many chandlers and intuitive that do not use cards, but these are the most expensive of phone psychics simply because they take so long to get into the actual reading. They will spend a great deal of time simply accessing the spirits while the minutes you are charged start ticking away. At least with tarot cards, the psychic has a tool that has some immediacy to it. In terms of psychic services, it is the type of reading that gives you the quickest answer. It can take some talented readers less than three minutes to answer your question if they are using cards.
Scryers also take a long time to get you results on the phone. You are best to see this type of magic teller in person at a carnival or a psychic fair of some kind. You can find these scryers on webcam online, but they charge by the minute and it can get very expensive.
There are some kinds of psychic services that will give you a tea leaf reading over the phone. You can also get them over a web cam. These can take forever though because even if the tea is ready the question teller spends a lot of time turning over the cup and divining the shape of the leaves in the cup. This, of course, can get expensive. This is another one of those psychic services that are best gotten in person as each reading is so extensive and complicated and also visually oriented.
One way to find out which psychic services online give the best phone readings is to check with people you know who have them. They can often recommend someone. If you are online, you will note that many of these psychics on group site go by a rating system. The rating system tells you how accurate or nice the psychic was as well. Feedback on sites is a fairly reliable way of telling whether or not a psychic is any good.
About the Author
Looking for a free psychic reading? Visit SpiritNow.com today, the online home of America's Top Psychic, Sylvia Browne, for a free psychic phone reading and the best spirituality content on the Internet.
Review: The Ultimate Astral Experience Course
I highly recommend this extremely thorough course. It covers everything you need to know about Lucid Dreaming and induction techniques. The insights are profound and original, and the information is all first-rate. It was written with the intention of being the best Lucid Dreaming guide available *anywhere*, so it's really jam-packed from start to finish. This one will be a stayer folks!
And it's going to take you places. The Lucid Dreaming book is the third in the Ultimate Astral Experience series, with follow-up books on Lucid Dreaming possibilities, Out of Body Experiences and Astral Projection all thrown in. So you really might want to check this out: you can get the first book in the course free and find out all about the Ultimate Astral Experience Course by clicking here.
Neurobiologists Philippe Tobler, Wolfram Schultz, and colleagues have found that richer people are slower to learn to associate a stimulus with a financial reward than are poorer people, and this slower learning is reflected in slower response in the brain areas associated with reward and reward-directed learning.
The researchers reported their findings in the April 5, 2007, issue of the journal Neuron, published by Cell Press.
In their experiments, the researchers used a Pavlovian conditioning approach to study how people’s wealth affects their ability to learn to associate a stimulus with a financial reward. However, instead of the bell and food Pavlov used in his experiments with dogs, Schultz and colleagues used a reward-predicting stimulus image followed by the reward image of a coin. The subjects were told to press a button to signal when they saw the stimulus image, versus a different image that would be followed by a nonreward scrambled picture of the coin. To quantify their learning speed, the subjects were told to indicate their confidence in their choices by the duration of their button press. And to motivate the volunteers, the researchers told them that they would receive all the coins they saw at the end of the experiments.
While the subjects were learning, and unlearning, to associate the reward-predicting image with the coin, the researchers used functional magnetic resonance imaging to measure the activity in their brains’ reward centers. This brain-scanning technique uses harmless radio waves and magnetic fields to measure blood flow in brain regions, which reflects brain activity.
The researchers found that the richer the subjects were—both in terms of assets and income—the slower they learned or unlearned the association between the conditioning image and the coin. The researchers found the same inverse association between wealth and their neural response in reward areas. In contrast, the subjects’ education or age did not correlate with the speed of learning.
The researchers also measured the marginal utility of money by asking the subjects how often they would be likely to pick up a coin from the street. They also found that the greater a subject’s wealth, the lower the chance the subject would retrieve the coin.
Tobler, Schultz, and colleagues wrote that “the progressively smaller gain with increasing wealth would provide decreasing reward value that could lead to the reduced learning speed. Thus, individuals for whom a financial unit has lower marginal utility would show slower acquisition and extinction than individuals for whom the same unit has higher marginal utility. Or, put differently, ‘The rich are different from you and me.’”
Source: Cell Press
With a focused Intent you can achieve anything!
Get Your Goals NOW!
The ability to suppress ones own fear and suspicion is absolutely vital when one wants to maintain control.
It is the emotions that cause us stop thinking which is why maintaining perspective is vital.
There is a trick bounty hunters use to trap their guys who jump bail and it uses knee jerk emotional reactions as a key.
Often men who jump bail have a girlfriend who is willing to hide them and lie for them. They bail jumper will tell his girlfriend to never reveal where his is and that bounty hunters will trick you into giving him up.
So does the bounty hunter know on the door and say he looking for Bob The Bail Jumper? No. Instead he has a woman telephone the girl friend asking for Bob. The woman will tell the girlfriend that Bob The Bail Jumper is her boyfriend and that shes pregnant. A verbal fight will ensue and the mysterious female caller will hang up.
Two hours later THEN the bounty hunter will call the girlfriend and what do you know ... she gladdly hands over Bob The Bail Jumper for cheating on her.
The lesson here is simple. Watch out for emotional traps.
Bounty hunters know that by distracting others away from their focus and presenting them with another version of "what's really important" they will forget their previous mission completely.
The only solution that will prevent this from happening is to has as big a vision as possible. Think beyond your current problem and think toward your greater mission. When you have started to do that then you must plan... plan... plan is as much detail as possible. Making that even harder is knowing that the unexpected will occur. You can foreseen but you can plan how you will react to it.
In the case of Bob The Bail Jumper he could have told his girl friend that people will try to play to her greatest weaknesses, guilt, jealously, family and to delay any reaction when she feels those emotions rising.
To be able to do that effectively is the first path to becoming a force of nature.
It is a very hard task.
At the end of this month, I'll be putting together another live seminar.
This you opportunity to learn my personal secrets of persuasion and influence and I will be there in person to teach you how to use Mind Control on yourself to build the life that you want.
You'll also learn some powerful basics of persuasion and influence, one of my specialties and we'll be using my books "The Forbidden Book of Getting What You Want" and "Mind Control Language Patterns" as a template for your transformation.
As the iconoclast that I am I plan to make everyone in attendance a GAWD of influence and power.
You have to check it out.
PS, If you look around on the site you'll also see where you can download the latest teleseminar mp3.
Here is the email:
I have read all your stuff, but i think it is time to tell you that i
believe none of it and that i believe that JESUS CHRIST ALONE IS
GOD!!!!!!!!! I am praying for you!!!!!!!!! Louise. CREATION CALLS
CHRIST -Managing Director. www.ccchrist.o.za
Appearance is everything.
Maybe you've gone to Alex Jones site http://www.prisonplanet.com and are familiar with how he trying to uncover and fight the secret powers that control the world. Alex Jones as taken the time to point out how Starbuck's Coffee products are filled with symbols of conspiracy and Satan worship.
He often allows space alien conspiracy enthusiasts like David Ike post to the site.
What I want to point out is that Alex Jones is actually a tool of the Illuminati/New World Order/One World Government!
Of course, that sounds absurd because he is so actively and vocally against them. But what makes it sound so right goes back the work of philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel who proposed that the world can be controlled by conflict. That conflict, not victory, directs peoples attentions. It is conflict and fear of threat that people will focus on so creating a conflict is more useful than winning a war.
Alex Jones, by his vocal opposition is unknowingly simply telling people there is a conflict and that he is on the side of right (of course) and that we must fight and oppose the Illuminati/New World Order/One World Government.
The fact remains that he is playing right into their hands when you begin to fall for his words.
Alex Jones and his ilk are doing the magicians technique of distraction. He is brilliant at how well he redirects peoples attention. All the while the Magicians hand is doing something completely different. The reality is that where ever they are telling you to look ... IT'S WHERE YOU NEED TO LOOK!!!
Where you are to look is never where you are told to look ... NO MATTER WHO IS TELLING YOU.
Remember that you will become what Alex Jones and the Illuminati both fear: a free thinker and unable to be controlled.
PS, Notice, I didn't tell you where to look. Don't look THERE either!
Get Rich,Get Laid, Get Even.
Get What You Want
It got me thinking, someone needs to make a video that explain how Alex Jones is a tool of the New World Order, Illuminati, One World Government.
I would be quite a laugh!
Here is an email I got:
Hi. Did you know Obama used Subliminal Messages
in his TV Adverts? And mass mind control,
hypnosis, and embedded commands to the peoples
unconscious minds. Of course he is an agent of
the Illuminati so he can't be touched. I was just
wondering if you have any books or CDs which
expose his methods. He was a GOD in the run up to
the election. People crying during his rallies
etc. Mass mind control is really behind his rise
to the top. Of course you and I also know all
Presidents are picked beforehand by the
Bilderberg Group. So everyone who is "AWAKE" knew
before. Have you got anything to expose his Mind
Control Methods? Also friend, I recommended you
order "THE OBAMA DECEPTION" on DVD from Alex
Jones' site. Buy it from infowars.com or any of
Alex Jones' sites. It reveals the truth behind
Obama. The man who will lead America not into
Greatness but who will lead it into the New World
The only thing surprising about Obama is that people are surprised how good a speaker he is. Why is it surprising that someone with $100 million uses subliminal? Coke and Pepsi does it. Nike does it. To not expect it is to embrace ignorance.
Who do you think taught Obama?
Do you think it could be someone who teaches mind control... and tries to stay anonymous would be useful?
I'll let you in on an inside secret. Alex Jones is the best tool we, the NWO, ever had. He is brilliant at how well he redirects peoples attention. All the while the Magicians hand is doing something completely different.
No one would ever expect Alex Jones of being on the same "side" as Obama. Jones isn't an enemy of the NWO, he is our greatest tool. I love him!
PS, I've probably said too much. Please ignore everything you've just read.
Hi Dantalion. Thanks for you reply. Sorry but I
don't understand your reply.Wasn't Obama taught
and recruited by Zbigniew Brzezinski.You also
said "Alex Jones is the best tool we,the NWO,ever
had".The NWO is the New Word Order.The New World
Order is another name for One World
Government.The NWO is an Illuminati creation.Also
what do you mean about the magicians hand doing
something completely different? What I meant
about Alex Jones is that he has exposed Obama in
his new DVD.That DVD is called "THE OBAMA
DECEPTION". I didn't say he was on Obamas side.
Alex Jones IS an enemy of the NWO. The NWO is the
new world order. Basically another name for One
Also when you said "I've probably said too much.
Please ignore everything etc". Is that some kind
of mind control sentence:). It is very confusing.
Is that one of your mind control tricks? So that
everything you said sticks in my mind? Thanks
I'm sorry, I can't say any more on the matter.